America Latine

An agency made for you !

Equipment to provide:

  • Even though is always sunny.  Bring clothing for cool nights
  • Original passport and photocopy.
  • Cash
  • A first aid bag (anti pain, antidiarrheal, etc.)
  • A camera
  • A notebook and pen.
  • A sun glasses
  • Sunscreen
  • A bathing suit for possible public thermal baths
  • Cap or hat is important to cover during the trip
  • A backpack
  • A lantern pillar front, preferably with parts and some plugs.
  • Hiking shoes.
  • T-shirts
  • Water poncho
  • Gloves
  • Sweater or Fleece jacket
  • For vaccines consult with your doctor.

 Peru: What to know before starting:

  • No visa is required for stays of less than 90 days
  • The electricity is 220 v, plugs are flat and need to provide an adapter from flat to round
  • There are numerous ATM machines around
  • (A transaction of more than 120 euros is not possible at once but you can get more cash the next day).  We suggest you to inform and get information from your banks before the trip
  • The currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol (1 euro = 3.70 soles + or 1 USD = 2.80)
  • If you prefer you can exchange money, challenging the price change and earn 10 to 20%

Beverages

  • The coffee served is generally instant coffee
  • Milk is very rarely drunk
  • No chocolate is served at breakfast
  • Tap water is generally not potable
  • Peru has a wonderful variety locally crafted brews
  • Wine: red or white Tacama among many
  • Herbs infusion
  • Fresh fruits smoothies
  • Coca Tea (known in Peru as mate de coca)
  • It is an herbal tea made from the leaves of the coca plant.  Consumed as a digestive tea and very good to treat altitude sickness
  • Chicha, which is the typical drink of the country: Prepared by boiling water with purple corn, fruits, cinnamon, cloves, sugar and lime juice
  • The local aperitif is the Pisco sour.  Its ingredients are : Lemon, Pisco (grape-based alcohol), egg white, blend all together with a pinch of ground cinnamon and ice cubes.

Travel

  • The average speed is 55 km / hour on domestic routes from the coast and 20 km / hour in the Andes

Phone

  • There is a telephone network in almost all the national territory of Peru.  We also advise you to download the “Whatsapp” and "Viber” applications for free calls as long as you have Internet connection.  The tri-band gsm works great

Internet

  • There is access almost everywhere with Wi-Fi.  There are also fast and cheap cabins style cyber-café:  1 sol for one-hour approx.  Some hotels, restaurants and bus offer free Wi-Fi  

Machu Picchu

  • Repellent its always good everywhere.  Especially in warm areas

Souvenirs

  • Ceramics, alpaca clothes, silver and gold jewelry,  precious and semi-precious stones, tablecloths for the dining table, traditional musical instruments

Official languages

  • Spanish is the official language of Peru.  The 40% of the population speaks Andean Quechua and Aymara, also recognized official languages ​​since 1975.  Only English and French are spoken in tourist areas of strong flow

Food in Peru

  • Peruvian cuisine is among the most varied and best in the world.  It’s a reflection of its three main geographical zones, the coast, the Andean highlands and the jungle, and an incorporation of influences from different times and immigrant cultures.  While the Peruvian cuisine only is recognized internationally in the last few years, food and its preparation is one important part of the Peruvian cultures and a very personal way to express the Peruvian identity
  • Peru has 84 climates of the 120 existing in the world.  This is the reason why all fruits and vegetables grow in this land
  • It is the largest producer of fish in the world.

Typical dishes

  • Ceviche is the national dish: It’s typically made from fresh raw fish marinated in lime’s juice and spiced chilli peppers. Onion, salt, and pepper may also be added. As the dish is not cooked with hear, it must be prepared fresh to avoid the potential for food poisoning 
  • Causa Rellena: Mashed potatoes stuffed with tuna, crab or vegetables
  • Chupe de Camarones: Peruvian style shrimp soup
  • Lomo Saltado:  It’s a favorite recipe and extremely popular fusion dish that mixes the Chinese stir-fry with Peruvian ingredients such as yellow chili pepper, cilantro and tomato. Its accompanied with rice
  • Aji de Gallina:  slightly spicy and bright yellow from the famous aji amarillo peppers, and rich from the unusual cream sauce made with ground walnuts
  • Rocoto Relleno:  Its originated from the city of Arequipa, a city in the Andes mountains located in the southern parts of Peru. This dish is made by stuffing fried minced beef-mix or hard-boiled egg inside the rocoto and then topped with melted cheese, baked and served whole
  • Carapulcra:  It’s a stew of pork and dehydrated potatoes, with peanuts, aji panca and mirasol peppers, garlic, and other spices
  • Arroz Chaufa:  Its fried rice dish.  Chifa style dish, a mis of Peruvian and Chinese cuisine
  • Trucha a la plancha:  Grilled trout
  • El chicharrón de chancho:  Fried pork
  • El cuy chactado:  It’s a meal of fried guinea pig that is very popular in the highlands
  • The alpaca meat resembles to the beef; is very tender
  • La sopa de chuño: Chuno soup. It’s a freeze-dried potato product traditionally made by Quechua and Aymara communities

Geography, Demography and History

  • Peru’s surface is 1,285,215 Km2
  • Peru is conformed of three very different natural regions: The coast bordering the Pacific Ocean, the Andes and the Amazon plain
  • The population is 30 million. 45% is of indigenous origin, mainly Quechua and Aymara.  35% mestizo.  15% of European origin, especially Spaniards and 5% other origins 
  • 72% of the population lives in urban centers. Lima, the capital has 8 million
  • The major cities are:  Arequipa: 1 million, 400 000 Trujillo, Chiclayo Cuzco 400 000 and 162, 000 inhabitants. Callao is the major port of the country

Production – Economy

  • Peru has only 10% cultivated land, rice 7%.  Peru also produces sugarcane, potatoes, beans, cotton, wheat and coffee. 
  • It is also a producer of Coca leaves that drug traffickers refined to produce cocaine
  • Forests cover 54% of the country. Peruvian felled trees of fine wood.  Explode rubber, and also Quina is produced.  From the Quina is obtained the substance called “quinine”, one of the most important contributions to medicine of all ages
  • Peru is the largest fish producer in the world
  • Peru is a mining country and a major producer of Silver (2nd in the world), lead (4th), Tin (5th), Copper (8th), petroleum, natural gas, iron, molybdenum, tungsten and gold that also is produced in significant quantities

Historical features

  • Peru is best known as the heart of the Inca Empire, but it was home to many diverse indigenous cultures long before the Incas arrived. Although there is evidence of human habitation in Peru as long ago as the eighth millennium BC, there is little evidence of organized village life until about 2500 BC.
  • Traces of human presence date from 20 000 years.  They were nomads who lived by hunting and gathering. Agriculture appears to 4000 BC
  • From 1250 BC, many civilizations appear in the Peruvian scene:  Chavin (1400-400 BC in the northern highlands).  Moche (AD 100-700 on the North Shore).  Paracas and Nazca (200-800 DC on the south coast). Tiahuanaco (200-600 DC on Lake Titicaca). Wari-Tiahuanaco (600-800 in the central highlands). Chimú (1300 - 1460 on the North Shore). 
  • The Inca Empire 1450 - 1532 throughout the territory of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, southern Colombia, northern Chile and throughout the northwestern of Argentina
  • The Inca Empire was the largest Quechua empire in Pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru.  The period of territorial expansion started with Pachacutec and ended with Huayna Capac reaching its maximum expansion mentioned above
  • In 1531, Francisco Pizarro landed in Peru with 183 men.  Taking advantage of the succession’s issues between Huascar and Atahualpa, and the rebellion between the people under the rule, he began a successful and bloody conquest that ends in less than 5 years.
  • In 1569 the viceroy Francisco de Toledo, the colonial system provides lasting nearly 3 centuries of domination.
  • In 1780, under the leadership of José Gabriel Condorcanqui called Tupac Amaru II, rebelled with 60 000 indigenous. The rebellion fails and Tupac Amaru II is executed with thousands of his comrades.
  • In September 1820, the Argentine General José de San Martín liberated Chile. In July 1821 he liberated Lima.
  • On July 28, 1821 Jose de San Martin proclaimed Peru’s independence.  He received the title of Protector, but leaves to give the Venezuelan Simon Bolivar, ending the independence of Peru and all of South America in the battle of Ayacucho on December 9, 1824.
  • Peru does not know peace until the government of Ramón Castilla in 1845.
  • The Pacific War opposes Peru and Chile between 1879-1881, following the defeat Tarapaca, Arica and Iquique was lost.

 

  • God and Inca’s believes
  • Inti or Apu-Punchau is the supreme sun god. 
  • Viracocha, the god of creation. 
  • Illapu Apu, the god of rain. 
  • Mama-killa, the wife of the sun god, is the mother and regulating the menstrual cycle of women. 
  • Pacha Mama is the earth-mother. 
  • Mama-Qocha is the mother of the sea. 
  • The cross is the Andean Chakana.

 

Hoping that our information is clear and that you are ready for an unforgettable trip! 

See you soon

 

Miguel Guillén Barnett